Climate of Sheridan, Wyoming

Sheridan, Wyoming, is a picturesque city located in the north-central part of the state, nestled in the Bighorn Mountains and situated along the eastern slope of the Bighorn Range. Known for its scenic beauty, outdoor recreational opportunities, and historic charm, Sheridan is a gateway to the Bighorn National Forest. To understand the weather and climate of Sheridan, it’s crucial to explore its geographical location, topography, and the atmospheric conditions that shape its climate. See citiesplustowns for a full list of cities in Wyoming.

Geographic Location:

Sheridan is the county seat of Sheridan County and is positioned in north-central Wyoming. The city is located approximately 47 miles east of the Bighorn National Forest and about 100 miles south of the Montana state line. Nestled against the eastern slope of the Bighorn Mountains, Sheridan offers panoramic views of the surrounding landscapes.


The topography of Sheridan is characterized by the presence of the Bighorn Mountains to the west and the relatively flat terrain to the east. The city is situated in a valley along the eastern foothills of the Bighorn Range. The topographical variation contributes to the region’s scenic beauty and provides a diverse environment for outdoor activities.

Climate Classification:

Sheridan experiences a semi-arid climate according to the Köppen climate classification. The specific subtype is often denoted as BSk, where “B” represents a dry climate, “S” indicates a steppe climate, and “k” signifies that the dry season occurs in the winter. This classification is typical of areas with low precipitation and distinct seasonal variations.

Seasonal Variations:

  1. Summer (June-August): Summers in Sheridan are generally warm and dry. Daytime temperatures typically range from the mid-70s to mid-80s°F (24-29°C), occasionally reaching into the 90s°F (32-37°C). The evenings are cool, providing relief from the daytime warmth. The Bighorn Mountains offer a pleasant escape from the summer heat, with higher elevations providing cooler temperatures.
  2. Autumn (September-November): Autumn is a transitional season marked by a gradual cooling of temperatures and the changing colors of foliage. Daytime highs range from the 60s to 70s°F (15-26°C) in September, dropping to the 40s and 50s°F (4-15°C) by November. The fall foliage in the Bighorn Mountains and surrounding areas is a highlight, attracting visitors to witness the vibrant colors.
  3. Winter (December-February): Winters in Sheridan are cold and can bring significant snowfall. Daytime highs typically range from the 20s to 30s°F (-6 to -1°C), while nighttime lows can drop well below freezing. Snowfall is common during the winter months, contributing to the winter wonderland atmosphere. The Bighorn Mountains receive heavier snowfall, providing opportunities for winter sports and activities.
  4. Spring (March-May): Spring marks a gradual warming of temperatures and the melting of snow. Daytime highs range from the 40s to 60s°F (4-21°C) in March, reaching the 50s and 70s°F (10-26°C) by May. Spring is a time of renewal, with the emergence of new growth and blooming flowers. The Bighorn Mountains become accessible as snowmelt increases.


Sheridan receives a relatively low amount of precipitation throughout the year, with an annual average of around 14 inches (356 mm). Precipitation is unevenly distributed across the seasons, with the summer months being the driest and winter experiencing more moisture in the form of snow. The semi-arid climate contributes to the aridity of the region.

Wind Patterns:

Wind patterns in Sheridan are influenced by its geographical location and the topography of the surrounding area. The Bighorn Mountains can create localized wind patterns, and the relatively flat terrain to the east allows winds to flow relatively freely. While the city is not known for extreme wind events, breezy conditions can occur, especially in open areas.

Special Considerations:

  1. Outdoor Recreation: Sheridan is a haven for outdoor enthusiasts, offering a range of recreational opportunities. The Bighorn Mountains provide a scenic backdrop for activities such as hiking, camping, fishing, and wildlife viewing. In the winter, the mountains become a playground for snowmobiling, skiing, and snowshoeing.
  2. Historic Charm: The city of Sheridan is known for its historic charm, with a well-preserved downtown area featuring brick buildings, art galleries, and local shops. The historic Sheridan Inn, once frequented by Buffalo Bill Cody, is a notable landmark. The city’s commitment to preserving its heritage adds to its appeal.
  3. Bighorn National Forest: Sheridan serves as a gateway to the Bighorn National Forest, a vast wilderness area known for its diverse ecosystems, alpine meadows, and pristine lakes. The forest provides opportunities for outdoor activities and serves as a haven for those seeking a connection with nature.

Sheridan, Wyoming, experiences a semi-arid climate with distinct seasonal variations, influenced by its geographical location in the Bighorn Mountains and its proximity to the relatively flat terrain to the east. The city’s weather is characterized by warm summers, cold winters with significant snowfall, and a diverse environment that caters to outdoor enthusiasts. The scenic beauty, historic charm, and access to outdoor recreation make Sheridan a unique and appealing destination in north-central Wyoming.

Sheridan, Wyoming