Geography of Carroll County, Mississippi

Carroll County, located in the northern part of Mississippi, is a region characterized by its diverse geography, rich history, and charming small towns. From its rolling hills and fertile farmland to its winding rivers and tranquil lakes, Carroll County offers a unique blend of natural beauty and rural charm. In this comprehensive exploration, we will delve into the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other notable features that define Carroll County.


According to Getzipcodes, Carroll County spans an area of approximately 635 square miles (1,645 square kilometers) and is situated in the north-central part of Mississippi. It is bordered by several other counties, including Grenada County to the east, Montgomery County to the south, and Leflore County to the west. The county’s northern boundary is formed by the Yazoo River.

The geography of Carroll County is characterized by its rolling hills, fertile valleys, and meandering waterways. The region is part of the Mississippi Delta region, known for its rich agricultural soil and diverse ecosystems. The landscape features a mix of forests, farmland, wetlands, and small towns, providing habitat for a variety of wildlife and vegetation.

The county seat of Carroll County is the town of Carrollton, which is located near the center of the county. Other notable communities in Carroll County include North Carrollton, Vaiden, and Avalon, each with its own unique character and amenities.


Carroll County experiences a humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and mild winters. The region’s climate is influenced by its inland location and proximity to the Gulf of Mexico.

Summers in Carroll County are typically hot and humid, with average temperatures ranging from the mid-80s to low 90s Fahrenheit (around 29 to 35 degrees Celsius). Heatwaves are common during the summer months, with temperatures occasionally exceeding 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 degrees Celsius). Thunderstorms are also frequent, bringing heavy rainfall, lightning, and gusty winds to the area.

Winters in Carroll County are generally mild, with average temperatures ranging from the mid-30s to low 40s Fahrenheit (around 1 to 5 degrees Celsius). While snowfall is relatively rare, occasional winter storms can bring light snow or freezing rain to the area. Most precipitation falls as rain, with occasional periods of dry weather during the winter months.

Spring and fall are transitional seasons in Carroll County, with mild temperatures and changing foliage making them pleasant times to visit. Spring brings the blooming of wildflowers and the greening of the landscape, while fall showcases the vibrant colors of changing leaves and the harvest of agricultural crops.

Rivers and Lakes:

Carroll County is home to several rivers, streams, and lakes, which provide valuable habitat for fish and wildlife and support recreational activities such as fishing, boating, and kayaking.

The Yazoo River is the largest river in Carroll County and forms the county’s northern boundary. It is one of the major rivers in Mississippi and is known for its scenic beauty, historic significance, and diverse ecosystems. The river offers opportunities for fishing, boating, and sightseeing, as well as birdwatching and wildlife viewing along its banks.

In addition to the Yazoo River, Carroll County is also home to several smaller rivers and streams, such as Big Sand Creek, Little Sand Creek, and Turkey Creek, which meander through the countryside and provide habitat for fish, wildlife, and vegetation. These waterways offer opportunities for fishing, canoeing, and kayaking, as well as scenic beauty and wildlife viewing.

While Carroll County does not have any natural lakes of significant size, it is home to several reservoirs and ponds, which provide water for irrigation, recreation, and wildlife habitat. These include reservoirs such as Lake Carroll and Enid Lake, as well as smaller ponds and impoundments scattered throughout the county.

Parks and Recreation:

Carroll County is home to several parks, nature reserves, and outdoor recreation areas that offer opportunities for hiking, picnicking, wildlife viewing, and more. These include:

  • Holmes County State Park, located near the town of Durant, which features hiking trails, campgrounds, and picnic areas, as well as opportunities for fishing, boating, and swimming.
  • Howard Miller Wildlife Management Area, located near the town of North Carrollton, which protects a diverse ecosystem of forests, wetlands, and grasslands and offers hiking trails, hunting areas, and wildlife viewing opportunities.
  • Carrollton-North Carrollton Walking Trail, which is a scenic trail that connects the towns of Carrollton and North Carrollton and offers opportunities for walking, jogging, and biking.

These parks and reserves serve as valuable natural resources for residents and visitors to enjoy, providing opportunities for outdoor recreation, education, and conservation in a protected setting.

Historic Landmarks:

Carroll County is rich in history and is home to several historic landmarks and sites that showcase its cultural heritage and significance. These include:

  • Carrollton Courthouse Square, located in the town of Carrollton, which features a charming mix of historic buildings, shops, and restaurants, as well as the Carroll County Courthouse, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
  • Vaiden Historic District, located in the town of Vaiden, which preserves a collection of historic homes, churches, and commercial buildings dating back to the 19th century.
  • Natchez Trace Parkway, which passes through Carroll County and follows the historic Natchez Trace, a centuries-old trail used by Native Americans, explorers, and traders. The parkway offers opportunities for scenic driving, hiking, and historical interpretation.

These historic landmarks and sites provide opportunities for visitors to learn about the rich history and cultural heritage of Carroll County and its role in shaping the history of Mississippi and the United States.


In conclusion, Carroll County, Mississippi, offers a wealth of natural beauty, outdoor recreation, and cultural heritage for residents and visitors to enjoy. From its scenic rivers and rolling hills to its historic landmarks and charming towns, the county’s geography reflects the diverse ecosystems and rich history of the region. Whether exploring the Yazoo River, hiking in Holmes County State Park, or touring the historic sites of Carrollton Courthouse Square, Carroll County has something to offer for everyone. With its stunning landscapes, diverse wildlife, and rich cultural heritage, Carroll County is truly a gem of northern Mississippi.