According to Liuxers, Sevastopol is located on the southwestern coast of Crimea on the shores of numerous picturesque bays. In the 5th century BC. on the site of Sevastopol was the Greek city of Tauric Chersonesos. Chersonesos existed until the middle of the 15th century. Today you can see the ruins of the ancient city with walls, towers, gates, quarters of residential buildings and workshops, an ancient theater for 3 thousand seats, Christian churches of the 4th – 15th centuries, baths and a necropolis.
Sevastopol was founded in 1783 after the inclusion of Crimea into Russia as a naval port and fortress. By the end of the XIX century. it became a large city with a developed industry. Today Sevastopol is one of the largest in Ukraine sea port, cultural, historical and recreational and tourist center.
One of the oldest monuments of the city and its symbol is the Count’s Quay, which has adorned the city since 1846. Four wide solemn flights of stairs rise straight from the sea surface to the white colonnade. In the niches of the colonnade, facing the sea, there are two antique statues by the Italian sculptor Fernando Pellichio.
The main attractions of Sevastopol are the temple of St. Vladimir, erected in memory of the baptism in 988 in Chersonese of Prince Vladimir and to commemorate the beginning of the baptism of Russia; bath in which Prince Vladimir was baptized; Nakhimovskaya area; Malakhov Kurgan, where there are more than 20 monuments and memorial signs; Sapun Mountain, where the diorama “Assault on Sapun Mountain on May 7, 1944” is located; Fraternal cemetery of the defenders of the city 1854-1855; a monument to scuttled ships, which is another symbol of the city; A panorama telling about one of the episodes of the 349-day heroic defense of Sevastopol – the defenders of the city repulsed the assault on June 6, 1855. There is a kind of Stonehenge in Sevastopol – these are stone blocks (menhirs) placed vertically in the form of obelisks, one of the most famous monuments of primitive man. Two menhirs survived. The weight of one of them is 6 tons, which is surprising since there are no quarries nearby. It is possible that the blocks were from the Crimean mountains.
In the mountainous part of the Crimea, near Sevastopol, there are interesting monuments of the Middle Ages – the “cave cities” of Mangup-Kale and Eski-Kermen. These are the remains of cities, fortresses, monasteries. In addition to ground structures, there are many artificial caves carved into the rocks. In the “cave cities” you can see a tower, a defensive wall, underground casimats, a fortress-citadel on Mangup-Kala, the cave temple of the “Three Horsemen”, the temple of the Assumption with traces of fresco painting, a siege well and deep ruts from ancient wheels on Eski-Kermen.
Not far from Sevastopol is the city of Inkerman, which houses the St. Clement Cave Monastery, founded presumably in the 8th – 9th centuries. According to church tradition,
There are many beaches within Sevastopol, but they are very unequal. The best beach is Uchkuevka.
Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod region (Russia)
The city of Sarov is located 240 km southwest of Nizhny Novgorod in the Diveevsky district on the border of the Nizhny Novgorod region and the Republic of Mordovia. The history of the city is inextricably linked with the sacred place, which is the main religious attraction of this region – with the Sarov Hermitage. Pustyn was founded by Hieromonk Isaac at the end of the 17th century, and already in 1706 the first temple of the Sarov Monastery was built here. In the nearby village of Diveevo, another monastery was founded – the Seraphim-Diveevsky Monastery, which is revered in the Russian church as one of the inheritances of the Most Holy Theotokos. Both of these monasteries were revered among believers. In 1778, Prokhor Mashnin entered the Sarov Monastery, who later received monastic tonsure with the name of Seraphim. For a long 30 years he remained in seclusion in a forest cell. When he returned to the monastery, people reached out to him, having heard about his healing and visionary gift. The relics of Seraphim of Sarov are now buried in the Assumption Cathedral. After the October Revolution, the Sarov Desert was destroyed. In the middle of the 20th century, Sarov became a closed city, which housed a research center for the development of nuclear weapons, and was named Arzamas-16. In 1995, the city was again returned to its former name – Sarov. Today Sarov with the nearby Sarov desert attract many tourists and pilgrims from different parts of Russia. The hermitage is gradually being restored, and the Seraphim-Diveevsky Monastery began to operate here again. Now it is one of the most important places of pilgrimage in Russia. Near the village of Diveevo there are several healing springs, among which the most famous is the spring of St. Seraphim of Sarov.
Sayansk, Irkutsk region (Russia)
Sayansk stands on the banks of the Oka River, 270 km northwest of Irkutsk. This is the youngest city in the Irkutsk region, it was founded as a working settlement in 1970, and in 1985 received the status of a city.
There is an art gallery in Sayansk, where the works of artists from all over Russia are presented, a historical and ecological museum and the only building made of wood – Annunciation Orthodox Church, which is located in a pine forest. There are two sanatoriums in the city
– “Ulan” and “Kedr”. In the sanatorium “Kedr” hydrogen sulfide, or sulfide, waters of local sources are used. With their help, they carry out the prevention of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, nervous and cardiovascular systems, respiratory organs, gynecological and urological diseases. The complex of procedures of the sanatorium is very wide – physiotherapy and hydrotherapy, therapeutic mud, herbal therapy, acupuncture and manual therapy, psychotherapy, manual and underwater massage, therapeutic swimming and physical education.
Sanatorium “Ulan” is located near Lake Ulan, from which it got its name. The water used here for sanatorium treatment refers to sulfate-chloride sodium-calcium. With its help, diseases of the nervous system, musculoskeletal system, connective tissue and genitourinary system are treated. In “Ulan” vacationers are offered physiotherapy, hydrotherapy, mud therapy, inhalations, massages, hydromassages, a phyto-bar and oxygen cocktails.